Where Is The Best MANAGEMENT?

The world generates 2.01 billion tonnes of municipal solid waste annually, with at least 33 percent of that—extremely conservatively—not managed in an environmentally safe manner. Worldwide, waste generated per person per day averages 0.74 kilogram but ranges widely, from 0.11 to 4.54 kilograms. Though they only account for 16 percent of the world’s population, high-income countries generate about 34 percent, or 683 million tonnes, of the world’s waste.

When looking forward, global waste is expected to grow to 3.40 billion tonnes by 2050, more than double population growth over the same period. Overall, there is a positive correlation between waste generation and income level. Daily per capita waste generation in high-income countries is projected to increase by 19 percent by 2050, compared to low- and middle-income countries where it is expected to increase by approximately 40% or more. Waste generation initially decreases at the lowest income levels and then increases at a faster rate for incremental income changes at low income levels than at high income levels. The total quantity of waste generated in low-income countries is expected to increase by more than three times by 2050. The East Asia and Pacific region is generating most of the world’s waste, at 23 percent, and the Middle East and North Africa region is producing the least in absolute terms, at 6 percent. However, the fastest growing regions are Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and the Middle East and North Africa, where, by 2050, total waste generation is expected to more than triple, double, and double respectively. In these regions, more than half of waste is currently openly dumped, and the trajectories of waste growth will have vast implications for the environment, health, and prosperity, thus requiring urgent action.

Projected waste generation, by region (millions of tonnes/year)

Projected waste generation, by region (millions of tonnes/year)
Waste collection is a critical step in managing waste, yet rates vary largely by income levels, with upper-middle- and high-income countries providing nearly universal waste collection. Low-income countries collect about 48 percent of waste in cities, but this proportion drops drastically to 26 percent outside of urban areas. Across regions, Sub-Saharan Africa collects about 44 percent of waste while Europe and Central Asia and North America collect at least 90 percent of waste.

Waste collection rates, by income level (percent)

Waste collection rates, by income level (percent)
Waste composition differs across income levels, reflecting varied patterns of consumption. High-income countries generate relatively less food and green waste, at 32 percent of total waste, and generate more dry waste that could be recycled, including plastic, paper, cardboard, metal, and glass, which account for 51 percent of waste. Middle- and low-income countries generate 53 percent and 57 percent food and green waste, respectively, with the fraction of organic waste increasing as economic development levels decrease. In low-income countries, materials that could be recycled account for only 20 percent of the waste stream. Across regions, there is not much variety within waste streams beyond those aligned with income. All regions generate about 50 percent or more organic waste, on average, except for Europe and Central Asia and North America, [ANCHOR_COMES_HERE] – – which generate higher portions of dry waste.

Global waste composition (percent)

Global waste composition (percent)
It is a frequent misconception that technology is the solution to the problem of unmanaged and increasing waste. Technology is not a panacea and is usually only one factor to consider when managing solid waste. Countries that advance from open dumping and other rudimentary waste management methods are more likely to succeed when they select locally appropriate solutions. Globally, most waste is currently dumped or disposed of in some form of a landfill. Some 37 percent of waste is disposed of in some form of a landfill, 8 percent of which is disposed of in sanitary landfills with landfill gas collection systems. Open dumping accounts for about 31 percent of waste, 19 percent is recovered through recycling and composting, and 11 percent is incinerated for final disposal. Adequate waste disposal or treatment, such as controlled landfills or more stringently operated facilities, is almost exclusively the domain of high- and upper-middle-income countries. Lower-income countries generally rely on open dumping; 93 percent of waste is dumped in low-income countries and only 2 percent in high-income countries. Three regions openly dump more than half of their waste—the Middle East and North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, and South Asia. Upper-middle-income countries have the highest percentage of waste in landfills, at 54 percent. This rate decreases in high-income countries to 39 percent, with diversion of 36 percent of waste to recycling and composting and 22 percent to incineration. Incineration is used primarily in high-capacity, high-income, and land-constrained countries.

Global treatment and disposal of waste (percent)

Global treatment and disposal of waste (percent)
Based on the volume of waste generated, its composition, and how it is managed, it is estimated that 1.6 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent greenhouse gas emissions were generated from solid waste treatment and disposal in 2016, or 5 percent of global emissions. This is driven primarily by disposing of waste in open dumps and landfills without landfill gas collection systems. Food waste accounts for nearly 50% of emissions. Solid waste–related emissions are anticipated to increase to 2.38 billion tonnes of CO2-equivalent per year by 2050 if no improvements are made in the sector.

In most countries, solid waste management operations are typically a local responsibility, and nearly 70 percent of countries have established institutions with responsibility for policy development and regulatory oversight in the waste sector. About two-thirds of countries have created targeted legislation and regulations for solid waste management, though enforcement varies drastically. Direct central government involvement in waste service provision, other than regulatory oversight or fiscal transfers, is uncommon, with about 70 percent of waste services being overseen directly by local public entities. At least half of services, from primary waste collection through treatment and disposal, are operated by public entities and about one-third involve a public-private partnership. However, successful partnerships with the private sector for financing and operations tend to succeed only under certain conditions with appropriate incentive structures and enforcement mechanisms, and therefore they are not always the ideal solution.

Financing solid waste management systems is a significant challenge, even more so for ongoing operational costs than for capital investments, and operational costs need to be taken into account upfront. In high-income countries, operating costs for integrated waste management, including col-lection, transport, treatment, and disposal, generally exceed $100 per tonne. Lower-income countries spend less on waste operations in absolute terms, with costs of about $35 per tonne and sometimes higher, but these countries experience much more difficulty in recovering costs. Waste management is labor intensive and costs of transportation alone are in the range of $20–$50 per tonne. Cost recovery for waste services differs drastically across income levels. User fees range from an average of $35 per year in low-income countries to $170 per year in high-income countries, with full or nearly full cost recovery being largely limited to high-income countries. User fee models may be fixed or variable based on the type of user being billed. Typically, local governments cover about 50 percent of investment costs for waste systems, and the remainder comes mainly from national government subsidies and the private sector.

15 Unheard Ways To Achieve Greater MANAGEMENT

The modern business environment is very volatile and complex therefore demanding more attention and dedication from entrepreneurs and business executives. If business individuals lack the necessary management skills then their business efforts are most likely to fail because businesses demand that managers make the right decisions in order for them to survive in time of emergency and even in the normal course of business (Baruch, 2004, 114).

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The Next Generation Management module is a module that will enable those interested in management to understand how to manage not only their own business ventures and organizations and also impart sense of social responsibility through attending various lecture, workshops, seminars, and conferences around Dublin. Contemporary management of organizations is not simple and therefore this is why this module will concentrate ensuring that attendees gain skills on:

Personal and Career Development: Competence assessment, planning and development, which is important in ensuring that managers have the ability to attain skills that will assist them to have the necessary skills in both the short run and long run such skills include better decision making capability, better leadership ability, and in turn managers will be able to base their decisions on logic through critical thinking.

Furthermore managers who undergo personal development programs are able to portray self confidence communicate better and even end up being creative due to the flexible approach that they have to tackling organizational issues.

The Next Generation module will also help managers gain ability to appreciate the need of operating with a Global and a societal approach by attending lecturers from renown Nobel Laureate, Dr Chu the discussion made clear that the physical environment was part and parcel of the business environment and therefore needed to be taken care of because if it disintegrates that the economy and human economic activities will also fail.

Additionally, discussions from this part of the model enable students of management appreciate the role of creativity and innovation together with the important role which both agriculture, ethics and Greenpeace plays in the environment.

Research is a crucial part of Next Generation management module because research is able to assist managers gain the right information that will guide their decision making and logical thinking process. Discussions unveiled on the importance of carrying out systematic research and avoiding plagiarism because plagiarism can often affect the outcome of a research and compromise its quality.

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Research is an important part of today’s business environment and therefore it is important to gather and analyze data properly so that the information obtained can be considered useful and assist in decision making( Kourdi 2009, 114). The discussions on research did shed light on Digital media and communication which has become an integral part of organizational and inter-organizational communication.

Managers are therefore required to embrace the emerging communication trends that individuals in the business world are adopting today because they can determine whether an organization performs better or even fails. The acquisition of the right skill set and through continuous learning is crucial for those who intend to become good managers since it helps them realize and even surpass their potential.

With more high-tech devices, mobile technology and software it is necessary for managers to attend various seminars and tutorials and implement continuous learning techniques that will allow them to embrace the latest communication and software trends for the benefit of their organization especially when dealing with consumers (Solomon & Askegaard, 2002, p.44)

Overall Reflection
Managers in any functional area of an organization are expected to run organizations on behalf of the shareholders and produce the expected results it is therefore necessary that managers gather the necessary knowledge from various avenues in order for them to get the necessary skills to help them carry out their functions more successfully and efficiently.

The Next Generation Management gives managers the opportunity by which they can learn more and become better managers through attending a series lecture, workshops, seminars, mini-conferences that aim to encourage, the need to sustain personal development, social responsibility, research skills and communication skills which are an essential part of today’s organizations (Trott 2008, 78).

This module is therefore very important not only for businesses, organizations and managers as individuals but also can be influential in the country’s economy, which aims to increase the output of individuals who are directly linked to the economy of the country.

The economy and the business environment are subject to highly complex variables and all managers including marketing managers should be ready to solve business problems as they present themselves.

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It is therefore necessary for entrepreneurs and leaders to have the necessary management skills so that complex business situations can be solved and situations which often present themselves as problems can be turned into opportunities (Kourdi 2009, 4). By applying leadership skills organizational managers can come across as more effective and make better decisions because their analytical and logical skills can be easily improved as a result of attending discussions of this model.

This module furthermore insists on the importance and priority that should be attached to creativity and innovation at both the individual and society level. Many individuals who haven’t been exposed to teachings of this model may be tempted to ignore the importance of innovation in today’s society.

The Next Generation Management gives the learner the opportunity to expand their mindset to look at the business and economy as part of the globe and the entire global society and therefore initiate solutions that are not only solutions to the problems of the county of Ireland but are also a solution for the entire globe.

When managers operate with global approach they are most likely to make decisions that are more ethical and moral. Today’s business environment is full of scandals and irresponsibility and thus managers are required to put their foot down and make decisions that not only correlate to their interests but also to the interests of the community.

This module enables managers weigh benefits accrued in the short run and compare them to benefits that will be accrued in the long run and factor them in their decision making in order to increase positive outcome. Managers need to discover that business success doesn’t come easy and if they desire to be successful they are required to become very creative and innovative.

Creativity is becoming the backbone of the world’s greatest organizations and the largest economies. Managers are therefore required not only to use their abilities but also gather the views of various subordinates and together work towards developing creative approaches of doing business and reinventing the economy.

The Next Generation module also enabled us understand the importance of taking care of the environment and ensuring that the country remains agriculturally stable in order to ensure that the future of Ireland is secured because food stability is important to the economy of any country.

The destruction of the environment will therefore have a negative toll on the business environment and thus managers should not remain ignorant or arrogant to the environment hence they should struggle to maintain the environment one on one or through environmental organizations such as Greenspan.

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This module provided a platform which made it clear that research should take center stage in improving not only the economy but also businesses. Managers are supposed to carry out research more frequently and vigorously and information gathered from research should be clearly analyzed using packages such as SPSS can be used to assist in the process of decision making.

Managers usually require a lot of facts so that their ability to make carry out analysis and solve problems can be made easier. There are many dangers of plagiarizing work and therefore it is necessary for managers to carry out independent qualitative and quantitative research so that their research can unveil new findings that can help them and their organization carry out innovative changes.

It is thus necessary to use all research tools in order to ensure that the findings of research can turn out to be very useful even when presented to other peers and those who the information as useful. The Next Generation Management gave us the opportunity to appreciate the development in media and communication techniques that are used in today’s commercial environment.

Technological environment have led to many inventions which managers can use to carry out their functions more easily and companies can even collect data from their consumers more easily through socials sites and mobile applications and use this in shaping organizational strategy. Marketing managers for example, can improve on organizational marketing strategy and even increase organizational revenue streams by embracing the role played by technology in the media (Trott, 2008, 103-113).

The introduction of the internet in the business environment is very important to the managers since the managers can use internet search engines to maximize business opportunities for themselves and their organizations, and it is therefore necessary for managers to take technology serious because it is a key success ingredient in today’s business environment.

Enterprise Resource planning is an important part of today’s organizations because it assists organizations to minimize losses and wastage of resources and therefore organizations should also adopt technologies that will allow them to plan on how to optimize the use of their resources.

In conclusion the Next Generation Management module has opened my eyes to the world of strategic management practices, making it clear that success of today’s commercial enterprises depends on how well managers are able to make financial, marketing, human resource and other organizational decisions by adopting innovative techniques.

Personal & Career Development
Good management is necessary for the continued existence and success of commercial organizations; this is because commercial organization and even non commercial organizations usually find themselves in ambiguous situations that require managers to use their skills and talents to direct the organization out of dilemmas.

For managers to successfully plan, staff, control, organize and direct the organization it is necessary that these managers obtain the necessary set of skills that will proof usefully in ensuring that the day to day and long run operations of the organization are carried out smoothly.

Organizations are driven by strategic goals which are enshrined in the mission and vision of the company and it is therefore important to ensure that organizational staff and especially management have their talents and skills fully developed to competently deal with ambiguous situations (Baruch 2004, 44).

While an organizations mission is mostly a vehicle of taking the organization into the future it mainly operates with a short term day to day operation and the vision is usually long-term managers are therefore need to have their personal skills developed for them to make the necessary career decisions effectively.

Most of these skills were developed in a series of seminars and workshops that required managers to go out on their own talk. For example Deloitte conference, assess the value of an idea, CV writing workshop, Bobby Kerr-motivation, coaching speech, Paddy Power – motivation, coaching speech, Attendance of Chinese classes- for personal development, Be involved in tutoring of IT for elderly people, and Improving Yourself-esteem – seminar/workshop.

It is hence clear that managers require their organizations to put in place training and development schedules that will assist their managers require the necessary long-term and short-term skills to effectively carry out their organization responsibilities in today’s turbulent business environment. The following are the most important skills that those who were part of the management module were required to acquire.

The Next Generation Management module required that managers attend lectures, workshops, seminars, mini-conferences and individual development of personal development plan speeches Dublin. The following are some of the necessary shorter skills that managers were able to develop during this Next Generation Management module which were scheduled to take place in a timeframe of 12 months:

Self confidence
Managers are required to operate with a high level of confidence this is because other subordinates look up to them. Hence, if managers do not portray self confidence then subordinates may be forced to doubt his leadership and decision making abilities and this is will therefore affect the organization (Baruch, 2004, 32).

Managers are therefore required to dress, talk and even carry themselves in such a way that portrays that they are highly confident. Managers are required to have a positive image and positive thoughts of hope and possibility and transfer this to subordinates ands clients while interacting in the normal course of business.

Communication is a key part of business and is therefore vital that managers use communication techniques that will ensure all stakeholders are informed in the right time and the right information is given to them. Managers are therefore required to develop skills that will allow them to pass messages with the right tone, mimics, gestures and pronunciation (Corfield 2009, 5).

Managers are also required to have the appropriate presentation skills that will enable the managers carry out oral presentations with high effectiveness not only in official meetings but also social events.

The business environment is volatile and ever changing and it is therefore necessary that managers have the necessary skills that will allow them to be highly flexible especially when organizational changes take place.

Managers are therefore required to be highly radical and use environmental scanning techniques and create the necessary support systems that will enable the organization embrace change. Dynamic managers are more likely to create organizations that smoothly embrace strategic change that is necessary for better performance of the organization.

Creativity/Innovative thinking
It is often the task of managers to make sure that fresh ideas are consistently developed in commercial organizations. A dynamic environment requires new ideas frequently and thus managers are required to be trained to tap into their imagination in order to develop new ideas (Trott, 2008, p.7). Managers are thus encouraged to continuously research read and even attend seminars that will develop their innovative skills.

Self Management
Manager are required to have the necessary skills to prioritize and efficiently allocate resources where they are needed and therefore they need to develop their self management skills. Managers are required to plan in advance and schedule activities within a timeframe and see to it that these events occur as planned.

The Next Generation Management module which was scheduled took place in a timeframe of 12 months also ensured that manager’s personal and career development assisted manager’s gain the following skills.

Managers are supposed to be leaders and be able to influence the behavior of individuals and inspire them to follow the strategic goals of an organization in order to achieve the mission and vision. Managers with up to date leadership skills are able to set goals prioritize and also operate with well defined action plans.

Leaders set an image for the organization and trend for subordinates by ensuring that they have a positive attitude, properly research and have the knowledge and assist subordinates to grasp the fact and process, and this was the aim of the Next Generation Management module.

Managers are required to have the ability to bring subordinates’ together and build relationships through cooperation and mutual respect for the benefit of the organization (Whetton & Camerson 2007, 88). Managers are able to do this by constantly attending seminars, tutorials and social events in order to gain team building skills.

Decision making
Managers are often required to make quick decisions when need arises and hence it in good that managers have the ability to analyze situations with wisdom and make acceptable justifiable solutions that are backed by fact and reason (Beeson 2009, 54). Managers build such capacity through tutorials, seminars and focus on continuous research.

Analytical and Problem solving techniques
Manages are required to use logic and reason in order to ensure that they can effectively resolve difficult matters that are problematic. It is thus very important that managers develop the right potential to handle problematic situations and emerge out of them by using logic and facts to solve problems (Whetton & Camerson, 2007, p.18). Managers are able to acquire this skill through continuous learning and research, concentration and also by attending the right seminars and tutorials.

Global and Societal Awareness
Nobel Laureate Lecture
The Next Generation Management module demanded that we attend seminars and tutorials to assist us as students of contemporary management to get an in-depth experience of why it is necessary for manager’s, businessmen and entrepreneurs to have societal awareness while carrying out their duties.

In one of our lectures at a seminar, the Nobel Laureate Dr Chu and other numerous speakers made it clear that it is important for students of business to know that business activities are usually accompanied by physical impact, because business activities usually depend a lot on the environment for most of its activities to be successful.

Dr Chu made it clear that the operations of businesses and commercial enterprises normally cause climate and environmental changes. He furthermore made it clear that the issue of energy has caused big debate and it is now the high time that researchers encourage industries to use renewable energy sources and re-evaluate energy policies so as to save the planet from further depletion.

The speaker insisted that the downturn and destruction of the environment would most likely lead to the demise of the economy and it is thus necessary to nature the environment and replenish it using technologies that will transform the environment in order for human economic activities to take place.

University of Enterprise: Delivering Ireland’s Next Class of Successful Entrepreneurs.
The future of the economy and of the corporate world definitely depends on how well today’s young entrepreneurs are natured and brought up in order for them to become the best business elite in the future. Modern entrepreneurs are therefore required to be shaped in order for them to become highly dynamic and environmentally conscious.

If the upcoming entrepreneurs are arrogant and ignore the important role the environment plays making their ventures a success then there will be faced with an economic downturn thus entrepreneurs should operate with practices which do not pollute or degrade the environment.

It is thus necessary to prepare entrepreneurs so that they can acquire the necessary knowledge and also have the ability to apply it in the real world (Trott, 2008, p.33). Lectures at the workshop also made it clear those entrepreneurs who continuously learn and take education serious are more likely succeed.

The Long Debate (Inventorium)
This discussion made it clear Creativity and imagination is a key cornerstone of today’s turbulent business environment laying emphasis that the greatest organizations are continuously searching for new creative avenues of doing business and therefore this is why they excel as compared to their counterparts (Trott, 2008, p.16).

The lecturers made it clear that an economy which considers itself as superior and smart must continuously apply more effort towards ensuring that their greatest minds are always working on the next big thing. Ireland is a country of vision and thus has put its best minds towards bringing innovative practices into the country’s economy.

Additionally it is also important for the entire society to create mechanisms for sustaining development but at the same time self-development should not be ignored because it is important to the success of entrepreneurs and organizations. The speaker insisted that if one is expected to be outstanding, it is a must that he/she operates with a mentality that will give his or her venture the stability to be highly creative so that he can use novellus ideas to outshine other competitors.

Climate Change and agriculture
The discussion centered on the importance of agriculture on the economy keeping in mind that one of the most important elements of an economy is the ability of a country to have enough food to feeds it citizens in order for it to move towards industrialization. The current global economy is growing at a faster pace and the environment is becoming depleted due to the careless nature of corporations therefore threatening agricultural activities.

The discussion also revealed that the effects of pollution and deforestation are having a negative effect on the temperatures, rainfall and the quality of the soil therefore having a negative impact on agriculture. If the current trend continues together with effects of population explosion then it is more likely that the global economy and entrepreneurial efforts will also be affected and therefore innovative methods like green houses must be introduced in order to increase food production.

Personal Ethics
The discussion made it clear that ethics provide a basis by which individuals are able to determine what is right or wrong. Ethics are governed by moral values and what may be morally ethical in Ireland may not be necessarily ethical in any other part of the world.

The discussion further revealed that what is lawful is not necessarily ethical and that individuals are normally torn between loyalty and the truth or even sometimes on maters to do with personal interest verses community interest therefore affecting their decisions. It is therefore true to conclude ethics is strictly personal and thus individuals must evaluate the possible consequences of their actions/decisions and if the results are have more harm that good to the society abandon them.

The business environment is for example involved with decisions that aim to increase benefit of the organization but it is necessary that managers and entrepreneurs apply ethical principles while making business decisions. Managers and entrepreneurs’ should apply wisdom and not only look at a short-term view but also take a long-term approach while making business decisions.

This discussion was based around the numerous numbers of non governmental organizations that have dedicated their efforts towards restoring the sanctity of the environment that has come about as the result of human activity. The discussion revealed that Greenpeace is a non governmental organization that funds its activities using donations, the organization aims to restore flora and fauna and make earth a better place by reducing environment destruction.

Entrepreneurs and business executives are aware of the toll that their business activities have on the environment and therefore it is important for them to use their corporate social responsibility arm by donating and funding activities of such bodies with the aim of having the environment restored.

The advantage of having such organizations around is that these organizations promote responsible behavior by adjusting the attitudes of human beings who are responsible of exploiting natural resources. The organization has hence achieved a lot through its operations which spread in over 40 countries in the world, making it a very important part of the global society.

Research skills are important for today’s managers, the business environment is highly volatile and organizations are faced with problems and thereby managers and employees need to have the ability to carry out research in order to assist management to make important decisions based on factual findings (McGivern, 2006, p123).

It is thus necessary for individuals to adhere to ethics and ensure that any research that they carry out is not plagiarized. Every research is unique in its own way and it is hence necessary to carry out research diligently and base the findings and recommendations based on the findings of the research (Hogan, Dolan, & Donnellly, 2009, p.16).

Discussions in the Next Generation Management module made it clear that if a researcher carries out research and for what ever reasons decides to replicate findings by borrowing from the works of another researcher it will be necessary that the researcher acknowledge all sources where he/she borrowed from.

Plagiarism is not only illegal but it can also be misleading in some instances and thereby compromise any strategic decisions that managers make especially in commercial organizations. It is therefore necessary for researchers to be highly disciplined and carry out their literature review properly by consulting and acknowledging the various sources of their information.

Once researcher has gathered the necessary data it then becomes their responsibility to interpret and arrange the data in such a way that it will serve the main objective of their research. The researcher must find the most suitable way to analyze their data so that it can make sense to the audience which it was intended for (Kourdi, 2009, p.38).

Many researchers conduct their research so that they can provide useful information that can be used by not only other peers but also by those in the business environment in order to assist managers in their decision making process. This is therefore the main reason which always drives researchers to carry out research in order to have them published and reviewed by their peers.

When a particular writer’s research is highly appreciated and commended by peers then a researcher feels a sense of pride and therefore will continue to expound on his research by carrying out other works. Strategic decisions especially branding and product decisions made by marketing managers are not guess work but rather they are based on academic foundations that are normally obtained from various peer reviews and published sources.

If this published work and peer reviews were absent then it would make it hard to know which research findings were more correct and therefore justifiable, this fact would make it quite hard for business managers to carry out decision making because they would simply doubt the facts that were presented in front of them. Peer review enables various researches which are published undergo vigorous scrutiny and therefore ascertain the validity of their contributing to the various disciplines they claim to have authority over.

SPSS is a software package that enables individuals carrying out research quantify their findings and make the most suitable conclusions hence, making useful information out of the data (Burrell, and Morgan, 1979, p.13) The discussion of the Next Generation Management module made it clear that this software is very important in the field of social sciences.

When researchers want to carry out social researches and even analyze demographic data this package becomes a very important part of their research due to its ability to accept quantitative data and summarize it in the form of graphs, pie charts and even pictographs (McGivern, 2006, p 43).

Marketing activities of such organizations usually require a lot of research that requires demographic analysis and thus manager’s end up using this package to make the necessary deductions that are crucial in formulating marketing strategy (Burrell, & Morgan,1979, p.98).

It thus becomes clear that in the absence of this package then managers would be subjected to a more tiresome ways of analyzing data that is collected using questionnaires. It is thus necessary for managers who intend to become good researchers to quickly learn and frequently use this package in order to have more factual information that is good for decision making within the organization.

The Next Generation Module discussion also made it clear that the research process can only be successful if the right techniques are used by managers to construct the moist appropriate questionnaires. Faulty questionnaires will most likely compromise the entire research process and it is therefore important for a manager/researcher to clearly define the purpose of his research and thus generate questionnaire questions that are specific and appropriate for the research at hand (Burns & Burns, 2008,p.63-67).

If the questionnaire is compromised then the findings will most likely also be compromised and such events will in turn the decisions which managers make in the long run. Dublin buss is able to accurately construct its questionnaires in order to gather satisfaction data from its customers and use this information to justify any strategic changes (Solomon & Askegaard, 2002, p.17).

Digital Skills, Media & Communication
The need for individuals within the business community and the economy to communicate is very important and plays a big role in determining the success or failure of the organizations which they run, it thus has become very necessary that individuals within the business industry to dedicate resources and adopt the use of web technologies such as CSS3 & HTML5 in order to maximize the potential of their business ventures.

Web technologies are thus very essential because they enable companies and organizations develop websites that are a very important part of communication and business considering the web is sometimes necessary for financial transactions and exchange of goods and services to occur (Hoffman & Novak, 2000).

Managers within functional areas of I.T and marketing should make sure that the individuals who are responsible for using web technologies have the necessary programming skills that enable them program and develop websites efficiently by getting rid of redundant coding technologies.

The Discussion by Mike Schroepfer, Facebook VP of engineering, enabled the participants understand that computer science developments play a very big role towards defining the level of innovation among many industries and especially businesses.

Computer science enables managers develop the necessary innovations that are necessary in project management and also plays a big role towards ensuring that people around the world are connected to each other therefore enabling a lot of opportunities to be realized (Payne & Peck, 2003, p.87).

Business managers and marketers especially should ensure while using such technologies that the parameters are customized in such a way that the end consumers find it suitable for their use. As much as individuals usually resist change, it is the duty of managers to work hand in hand with the society to help them embrace change that will result to more positive outcome.

As much as consumers and majority of businesses are embracing the digital age that has most of its activities going on over the internet, managers are thus expected to have the necessary minimum skills that will enable them embrace the digital world that has become inseparable for businesses ( Kourdi, 2009. P.188-190). Majority of business activities and especially marketing activities have forced marketing managers to formulate digital strategies that will enable them carry their business activities on the net.

Web 2.0 technologies has taken the concept of social marketing to another height thereby pushing a lot of consumer traffic to the net and therefore companies are even distributing, promoting and marketing their products using viral marketing techniques. Blogging sites have now become a part of the social revolution on the internet thus demanding managers to develop strategies that will enable their products and brands gain good images and ratings in the social media of the internet.

A while back, mobile phones were just used for communication by marketers and managers, thanks to the numerous mobile phone applications that run on smartphones such as IPhone and Android enabled hand sets consumers have a direct link to the worldwide web and business products just on the click of a button.

With these facts unveiled managers are supposed to get rid of mobile any obstacles that hinder the enhancement of doing business between organizations by developing programs and applications that will make it easy and more convenient for consumers to conduct business with their mobiles. Numerous businesses around the world are increasing their business potential and realizing many revenue streams as a result of embracing and integrating the use of mobile applications into their business models.

Search optimization technology is very important as far as using web applications is concerned and a company’s website may simply have low traffic and low transactions if the wrong approach was used by developers and I.T specialists in order to set up a website (Windham, 2001, p.145).

Website developers thus have no option but to work hand in hand with all functional managers in order to ensure that the right key words are used while developing websites so that when consumers/clientele go online their websites are more likely to have more chances of being accessed by consumers who wish to purchase products or access company information.

I.T department plays a very big role in ensuring that organizations communicate with the entire world and it is therefore up to them to adopt the latest technologies such as cloud computing technology in order to take their organizations into the next level and make it more easier for customers to use the web to interact with the organization (Hoffman & Novak, 2000).

If organizations fail to use technology to store appropriate consumers data and manage organizational resources then it will become hard for this organizations to maximize their business opportunities. As technologies become obsolete and as new technologies become more usable the I.T experts are required to ensure that the transition between technologies is smooth and doesn’t affect the organization negatively.

Software used within organizations is used in order to help organizations manage resources and run operations with a high degree of efficiency. Many organizations are adopting the use of Enterprise Resource Planning Technology with the aim that the software will assist the organization through its managers prevent the wastage of resource through optimizing the use of resources within the organization.

The introduction of such software enables organization plan its sales and revenue streams at a high and also reduce any unnecessary cost thereby saving organizations from unnecessary loses.

The role of software in business cannot be ignored and if the level of software innovation within Ireland decreases, so will the performance of organization and the economy.

It is thus necessary for stakeholders to invest in the future of the Irish software industry and ensure that innovation is sustained because if they fail to do this then the growth of the Irish economy and other related industries will also be compromised.

The development of new software is vital towards sustain sales and competitive intelligence of many industries and thus continuous and consistent research should be carried out in order to make sure the Irish software industry stays ahead within the markets needs.

10 Ways to Improve Client Communication Skills

Communication is one of the keys to building a successful business partnership with your clients. Effective communication leads to a longer and stronger relationship with your clients and more revenue for your business. Your clients choose to work with you because they believe you can help them solve a problem. But it’s important to remember that if your communication style causes new problems, you best-romantic-vacations may lose that client’s trust and that business relationship could come to an abrupt end. Strong client communication offers many benefits for your business:

  • Provides project direction and purpose
  • Builds client trust
  • Increases understanding of the client’s perspective
  • Creates accountability
  • Aligns expectations, budgets, and deliverables
  • Avoids confusion

Communication is crucial at every stage of a client relationship:

  • When you first pitch your services, you need to align your services with their goals and sell the client on how you can help them.
  • As you prepare a project proposal or work contract, you need to be clear about the project’s deliverables, budgets, and expectations.
  • Once the engagement begins, you need to keep the client informed on progress to build trust and ensure that the client is comfortable with the process.
  • As you finish your first project, your communication skills will be vital to extending that relationship and continuing to work together in the future.
  • Communication during long-term client relationships helps to provide direction for future projects and encourages your clients to refer others to your business.

Since correspondence assumes such a significant part at each step of the client venture, further developing your client relational abilities is fundamental. The following are ten methods for doing this effectively.

Lay out a human association

Try not to consider your client an unremarkable organization. Business is about individuals and connections. The more you can interface with your client by and by, the more grounded your relationship will be. Making a common association with your client will cause your client to feel comprehended and appreciated. Understanding who you’re working with permits you to imagine their perspective and feel for them.

You don’t need to be closest companions with your resource, however they ought to never fear an impending discussion with you. No matter what your character type, you can construct a bond with your clients. This bond begins with being well disposed, receptive, and having an uplifting perspective. Indeed, even on the most active days, deal with your client like their necessities are fundamentally unarespuesta important and focus on them during gatherings. Making this human association assumes a critical part in guaranteeing that you are reliably lined up with the client’s objectives and requirements.

Comprehend your client’s correspondence channels

Figure out how your client’s resource likes to impart. Do they favor a call, email, or eye to eye gatherings? In the event that your client abhors browsing their email and likes to lead business eye to eye, sending email updates won’t be adequate. Correspondence is just effective when the two players get and figure out the message. Being adaptable and matching your client’s favored specialized technique will make it more straightforward for them to grasp your expected message. In the event that conceivable, select a particular resource, and correspondence ought to essentially move through them as opposed to have numerous correspondence streams with a client.

Plan reliable correspondence

Set a reliable timetable for correspondence and keep up with it. The recurrence ought to mirror your client’s inclination, whether everyday, week after week, fortnightly, or quarterly. Having this predictable and solid arranged correspondence will cause the client to feel more great that your business is dealing with their necessities and not being neglected.

Regard the client’s time

Time is valuable, so don’t cause your client to feel like you are squandering theirs. Arrive to gatherings as expected. In the event that a client calls, respond to it if conceivable, as opposed to simply getting back to them back later. On the off chance that a client messages you an inquiry, it is crucial to answer it rapidly. In the event that you can’t completely answer an email at that point, even a basic affirmation that you have seen it tends to console. Simply try to follow up immediately with a full solution to their inquiry.

Be straightforward

Straightforwardness is basic to fruitful client correspondence. Being clear and legit all through your relationship makes it more straightforward to assemble and keep your client’s trust. Whether you are conveying uplifting news, terrible news, or no news, it is important to be clear with your clients. In the event that your client feels like they are uninformed, they might expect to be absolutely horrible. In the event that an undertaking is postponed, or you don’t have the foggiest idea about the response to a client’s inquiry, be straightforward and convey it to the client.

Utilize a cooperation device

The ascent of online cooperation instruments makes working with clients more straightforward and quicker. Giving your client admittance to your venture the board programming will give them a method for teaming up, give input, and screen project progress. Cooperation and efficiency devices can likewise be matched with a CRM (client relationship the board) framework to help you oversee and sort out inward and outside correspondence across the board place.

Put down assumptions and stopping points

While you need to show up for your clients consistently, it isn’t reasonable 100% of the time. Know your constraints and limits so you can convey them to your client ahead of time. For instance, assuming you require a month’s get-away consistently and can’t be reached during that time, your clients ought to be familiar with it. This permits you the valuable chance to set assumptions ahead of time and to foster a blueprint. Setting legitimate assumptions will cause your client to feel more educated and ready.

Set a plan and send a recape

Be deliberate with regards to gatherings with clients. Set a plan and blueprint what you mean to talk about. At the point when you are meeting with a client, it’s fundamental to comprehend how they best retain data. Does the client like volatile conversations, visual introductions, auditing information, or short updates? Tailor your gathering plan appropriately and utilize your client’s regular correspondence style so the client is more responsive to the data.

Then, at that point, when the gathering is finished, send the client a recap of your conversation. A gathering recap makes a record that can be referred to later to see what was covered, what everybody is responsible for, and any impending tasks.

Pose inquiries depending on the situation

Questions assume a significant part in correspondence. They assist you with explaining understanding and ensure that you are in total agreement as your client. Also, posing inquiries shows the client that you are locked in and keen on the discussion.

In the event that you’re uncertain about any subtleties for a venture, don’t make presumptions. All things being equal, ask the client. It’s smarter to pose a ton of inquiries instead of burn through your time conveying something the client doesn’t need.

Request input

The most ideal way to improve is to ask your clients for input. Getting some information about unambiguous ways of being a superior accomplice will make you a superior accomplice. On the off chance that a client requires some investment to give you criticism, tune in. Think about what they’re talking about, and afterward attempt to integrate it.

Reward correspondence tip for offices:

Normalize interior correspondence
To further develop your client correspondence, you really want to work on your interior correspondence. Guaranteeing that your whole group is in total agreement is fundamental to speaking with clients actually. In the event that you can make a normalized inside prepaidify correspondence process, your group will be better prepared to help your clients. Furthermore, you can and ought to utilize these ten correspondence tips inside your group.

Subsequent stages

To assemble long haul and beneficial associations with your clients, you ought to further develop your client relational abilities. Consolidating the ten hints recorded above will improve your correspondence, and your clients will be more joyful working with you.

Assuming that you are hoping to develop your business with additional new clients, pursue an Upwork Freelancer or Agency account. Upwork gives a stage to specialists to develop their business and interface with new clients. Specialists with successful correspondence styles are compensated with great undertaking audits, and can begin discussions with expected clients by submitting project recommendations to a large number of independent work postings.

it software

5 simple steps to choosing the right software, every time

Choosing the right software can make or break your organization. But it doesn’t have to be difficult. Follow this 5-step plan to minimize the risks and maximize the long-term value.

We’ve assumed since the beginning of digital time that choosing the right software package is difficult. It doesn’t have to be. But it is critically important. If you’re a marketer, you may be choosing a full-on CRM system, or a more focused online listening tool. Whatever you need, the very future of your organization may hinge on how successful the selection process is.

Chances are you’ve been winging it. If you’ve never done it before, you may not really know when to start when looking for new software. So you hit the internet to do some research without a plan in place.

For those of you who have been involved in a tool selection before, think back to the last software you selected. How straightforward was it? How long did it take? Were users satisfied? Is it solving all your needs? At the end of the day, did the implementation go well – and did it continue to do the job long after you first set everything up?

If it’s been years since you first installed it, do you find yourself putting off renewal or replacement because you’re afraid of dealing with yet another cumbersome selection process?

As time goes by and you don’t renew software, you could be hurting your ability to meet business objectives more efficiently.

For some, this selection journey simply takes longer than it should, and choices come from a gut feeling or a personal bias rather than relying on data or looking at the business impact.

For others, a vendor may put on a dog and pony show, sell through a demo, and convince the buyer that, regardless of their situation, they are the only choice worth considering. Both scenarios end up with the same result – stakeholders aren’t happy, chances of the deployment going right are low, the adoption rate is low, and the satisfaction rate is also low.

But it doesn’t have to play out that way. Instead, allow me to introduce you to a straightforward, 5-phased – and repeatable – process that will help you streamline the way you select software. By following it, you’ll reduce the number of people involved, you’ll get it done in less than 30 days, you’ll increase satisfaction, and drive a higher adoption rate.

Phase 1: Awareness

Whether it was through your own research, personal bias, or from someone coming to tell you, somehow you figured out you needed software.

However you got here, this step should start by understanding “What does the business actually need and why?”

You can do this by completing a business impact assessment, specifically:

A business impact assessment helps you find the actual pain points, identify capability gaps, and realize the needs and potential impacts on the business. Don’t start with the tool, start with the needs, gaps, and opportunities. Otherwise, you run the risk of implementing a truly unneeded tool without any hope of ROI.

Next, identify no more than five ultimate key stakeholders – business sponsor, IT lead, IT technical expert, process expert, and the business user. The more people and voices you get involved with, the longer the process will take and the less satisfied users will be with the end product.

Phase 2: Education and discovery

You’re probably swamped, and chances are you’re catching up on evenings and weekends.

How can you squeeze in time to do market assessments? How do you sift through the noise of the market complexities, confusing websites, and clear vendor biases and messaging? Who’s the top player, what are their features and capabilities, and what is it truly like to be locked into a long-term contract with them?

The best decision you can make is to uncover vendor information from a wide array of trusted sources, leveraging third-party sources for vendor information, application category information, and finally software landscape trends.

Find a trusted partner to aggregate key data and help you understand what these tools can do, what customers think of these vendors, and what their overall experience is like. This will also raise your knowledge of application and industry trends.

When searching for a trusted partner, avoid ones that operate on a pay-to-play review system, or who leverage market presence accelerant factors. Look for a partner that showcases crowdsourced and vendor-agnostic reviews, as this will provide you with a pure, unadulterated window of what real customers think about each particular vendor.

But don’t stop there – try to find other people, whether industry experts or peers who have also used this software or vendor, and gather their thoughts and experiences.

Phase 3 – Prioritize requirements & shortlist

You can’t make a shortlist if you have too many requirements. Identify the top five differentiating capabilities that meet your most critical needs that have a clear link to vendor differentiation, not just table stakes features.

At the end of the day, you won’t be able to meet every single requirement. So you must objectively decide which ones you absolutely need and which ones you can live without. If you have an extended number of requirements, consider using the Moscow model of Prioritization to narrow it down.

Finally, use these requirements to conduct a data-driven comparison of vendor features and capabilities. Your goal here is to narrow the field to your top contenders.

Don’t just have a shortlist of the one vendor your friend told you about – a shortlist of one is bad, and likewise, so is a shortlist of 15. Ruthlessly prioritize your requirements so that you can narrow down a shortlist of four potential vendors or solutions.

Phase 4 – Align on a clear decision framework

First, be clear about your selection criteria. While your evaluation will still involve some “art” rather than science, your scoring model will help you objectively compare your shortlist.

Include criteria that make sense based on the complexity and type of tool, such as functional capabilities, affordability, extensibility, scalability, vendor viability, etc. And don’t forget to include relationship metrics as well.

Leveraging emotional responses from other end users can act as a strong indicator of a strong future client-vendor relationship.

From here, decide which of the four vendors make it to the demo phase, but evaluate on your terms, not on theirs. Craft your own use cases and evaluate how their solution can help solve your actual problems, not on how many features they may have.

Change the terminology from a vendor demo to an investigative interview, and ask for references. While they’re likely to offer references that will provide positive feedback, don’t be afraid to dig into the interviews to understand some of the limitations related to the solution.

After completing this phase, you should be able to get that shortlist down to two or three vendors.

Phase 5 – Negotiate to win

Once you reach this point, you need to keep your options open. You shouldn’t be negotiating with only one vendor or more than three. It’s perfectly fine to have a front runner, but if you’re only dealing with one vendor, you’re most likely losing out on a discount or other incentives.

Speaking of which, how do you deal with negotiations? Do you have formal vendor management or procurement office? Do you understand all the fine print in the contract? How do you know that you’re getting the best price? If you can’t answer these questions, you may be at risk of signing an unfavorable contract.

Think about how many times your sales team has cut a deal or given a discount to close a sale. This is commonplace, so don’t get taken advantage of and leverage multiple proposals to your benefit.

Don’t sign a contract if you don’t understand the language or what you’re getting into. Vendors commonly place language in the contract that favors themselves in the long run – something as simple as a name change could allow contract renegotiation. You would call an electrician to repair a faulty system in your home. So do the same with your contracts and call a professional.

At the end of the day, going in without a plan is, well, going in without a plan. Our research shows that people who have a strong process for software selection end up with higher satisfaction with the end product. You’ll also need a plan for implementation, training, and onboarding, but we’ll cover those critical areas in a future article.

Selecting a new tool or software isn’t difficult, but the wrong decision can have long-term impacts on the marketing team and/or the business. Instead of jumping in blind, using gut-feel decisions and intuitions, start with a framework to accelerate and improve software selection.


Raw Honey Benefits for Health

Raw honey has been used as a treatment for centuries and has a wide range of health and medicinal benefits. It’s even utilised as a wound therapy in some hospitals. Raw, or unpasteurized, honey provides many of these health benefits.

The majority of honey sold in supermarkets has been pasteurised. High heat kills undesirable yeast, improves colour and texture, eliminates crystallisation, and increases shelf life. Many of the essential nutrients, on the other hand, are lost in the process.

If you’re interested in sampling raw honey, you should acquire it from a reputable local supplier. Here are some of the health benefits of raw honey:

1. A good source of antioxidants

Antioxidants can be found in raw honey thanks to a variety of plant compounds. Honey contains the same amount of antioxidants as fruits and vegetables. Antioxidants aid in the prevention of cell damage caused by free radicals.

Free radicals have been linked to the ageing process as well as the development of chronic diseases including cancer and heart disease. According to research, polyphenols, antioxidant chemicals found in raw honey, have anti-inflammatory properties that may help protect against a variety of oxidative stress-related illnesses.

Raw honey may contain bee pollen and propolis, which may provide additional health advantages.A review of research published in 2017 Raw honey, according to Trusted Source, may provide possible preventive effects for the respiratory, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, and nervous systems, as well as cancer therapy potential.

2. Raw honey nutrition

The nutritional value of raw honey varies depending on its origin and other variables. In general, one tablespoon of raw honey (21 grammes) has 64 calories and 17 grammes of sugar. Raw honey also includes trace levels of the micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) listed below:

  • calcium
  • magnesium
  • manganese
  • niacin
  • pantothenic acid
  • phosphorous
  • potassium
  • riboflavin
  • zinc

In addition, raw honey is a source of varying amounts of amino acids, enzymes, and other beneficial compounds.

3. Antibacterial and antifungal properties

Research Propolis in raw honey contains antifungal and antibacterial capabilities, according to Trusted Source. Source you can trust.

Raw honey has a lot of promise for both internal and external treatments. Honey’s antibacterial and antifungal properties vary depending on the type of honey, although some variations are being researched for specific therapeutic applications, such as Candida-associated infections.

4. Heals wounds

Honey has antibacterial capabilities, according to a review of studies published in 2018. Honey, propolis, and royal jelly may have potential health advantages for microbial suppression and wound healing, according to a 2017 assessment of studiesTrusted Source.

Keep in mind that honey used in research is medical grade, which means it has been inspected and is sterile. Using store-bought honey to treat cuts is not a smart idea. Before using honey for any medicinal reason, always see your doctor.

5. Phytonutrient powerhouse

Phytonutrients are plant-derived substances that aid in the protection of the plant. Some, for example, keep insects at bay or protect the plant from UV rays.

Honey’s phytonutrients are responsible for its antioxidant qualities, as well as its antibacterial and antifungal propertiesTrusted Source. They’re also regarded to be the source of raw honey’s immune-boosting and cancer-fighting properties. These nutrients can be destroyed by heavy processing in normal honey.

6. Help for digestive issues

Honey is sometimes used to cure digestive problems like diarrhoea, though there isn’t much evidence that it works. However, it could be used to treat Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a bacteria that causes stomach ulcers.

It also contains helpful prebiotics, which feed the good bacteria in the intestines, which are important not only for digestion but also for overall health.

7. Soothe a sore throat and cough

Honey is an old sore throat cure that can aid with coughing and relieves the pain. When a cold virus strikes, mix it into hot tea with lemon.

Though additional research is needed, a review of papers published in 2021 by Trusted Source revealed that honey may be preferable to alternative treatments for treating upper respiratory tract infections.

According to a 2016 study, the antibacterial and anti-inflammatory qualities can aid with a sore throat.

8. Brain benefits

Raw honey may even have some cognitive benefits. Honey’s polyphenols may be able to reduce inflammation in the hippocampus, the memory-related portion of the brain.

Many regions of the body, including the brain, can benefit from the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

How to choose the right raw honey

Look for honey that says “raw” on the label or comes from a farm that can attest to the fact that it hasn’t been pasteurised. Honey is available in a variety of flavours with labels such as “natural,” “organic,” and “pure,” but none of them indicate that it is raw.

Look for a label that specifies “raw” and avoid any additional components such as artificial sweeteners. Raw honey can be found in mainstream and organic grocery stores, health food stores, and farmer’s markets.